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COVID-19: How to Prevent the Coronavirus

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The coronaviruses, abbreviated as Cov, are an extensive group of viruses that can infect both animals and humans. In humans, they can produce different types of respiratory diseases, from a common cold to severe pneumonia (lung infection). The majority of these viruses are inoffensive and have treatments available. Even more, most of the people have been infected with a type of coronavirus in their life, usually during their childhood. Even though they are more frequent in colder seasons, like autumn and winter, you can catch them at any time of the year. Coronaviruses are named for the crown-like spikes on their surface. Coronaviruses have 4 main sub groupings known as alpha, beta, gamma, and delta.

Common Human Coronaviruses

  • 229E (alpha coronavirus)
  • NL63 (alpha coronavirus)
  • OC43 (beta coronavirus)
  • HKU1 (beta coronavirus)

Coronavirus Outbreaks

In the last twenty years, the coronavirus has caused three epidemic outbreaks which include:

  • SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome): It was a respiratory ailment that initiated in China in 2002 and later spread worldwide, affecting 8000 people and causing around 700 deaths. No SARS-CoV case has been registered since 2004.
  • MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome): The first MERS-CoV case was documented in Saudi Arabia in 2012, causing 2400 cases and 800 deaths. The last case occurred in September 2019.
  • COVID-19 (Coronavirus disease 2019): The first case was revealed in China at the end of 2019. Currently, 117,000 cases have been reported and they have registered 4257 deaths. The World Health Organization (WHO) and the Control of Diseases Center (CDC) are establishing rigorous safety protocols and prevention campaigns.


The COVID-19 novel coronavirus is a respiratory disease that ranges from a simple common cold to life-threatening pneumonia. It was first identified in Wuhan, China in December 2019 in an outbreak and it spread all over the world. Pandemic Survival

It is thought that the origin of this coronavirus comes from an animal source. Some investigations depict that it originated from a snake, while others argue that it originated from bats. Either way, it has been transmitted to humans. Humans can transmit the virus to others by respiratory droplets (coughing and sneezing)in a 6-meter distance. You can also get infected if you touch a surface o objected contaminated with bodily fluids of an infected person (saliva, nasal discharge, etc).


It is an acute respiratory infection that produces the following symptoms: fever, coughing, sneezing, nasal discharge, headache, fatigue, general discomfort and breathing difficulty breathing. The symptoms can be mild, moderate, or severe. If not treated adequately, it can lead to severe pulmonary syndrome, multiorgan failure, and death.


Coronavirus Prevention

As of today, no vaccine has been created to prevent COVID-19. The best way to prevent the disease is to avoid exposure to the virus. Watch this important video to learn more about how you can avoid exposure during a pandemic.

COVID-19 Prevention

In addition to watching the video, make sure to follow these guidelines from the CDC. The CDC has recommended these following everyday safety measures to prevent the spread of this disease:

  1. Evade close contact with sick people.
  2. Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  3. Stay at home if you are sick and use a face mask to prevent further spreading to others.
  4. Cover your nose and mouth with a disposable tissue when coughing or sneezing and then throw it in the trash. You can cover your mouth with your elbow if you do not have a tissue handy.
  5. Wash your hands constantly with water and soap for at least 20 seconds, especially after going to the bathroom, before eating, and after coughing or sneezing. If you do not have water and soap at the moment, you can utilize hand sanitizer that is at least 60% alcohol. You must always wash your hands if they are visibly dirty.
  6. Clean and disinfect objects and surfaces that have been touched recently. You can use a disinfecting spray or a towel with water and soap.
  7. Health organizations recommend avoiding non-essential trips to China or South Korea.
  8. If you have traveled to any country and could have been exposed to an infected person, you must be evaluated for the next 14 days if any of the symptoms begin to appear.
  9. Remain calm and try to follow the guidelines to reduce the risk of infection.

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